One of the first and most important questions regarding the surrogacy process is about duration and how long it can take to achieve the goal of parenthood. The important thing to know is that surrogacy is a complicated process which involves so many factors like medical procedures and human relations. Thus, there is no time limit for that. If you want to know more about advantages and disadvantages of surrogacy in infertility treatment read our previous article.
It is important to say that in surrogacy process, each case is unique and predicting the exact duration is somehow impossible. The process can proceed quickly or take even a couple of years. However, based on the previous cases it is safe to say that it can take as long as 15 to 18 months until the parents hold theirs newborn in their arms.
Read types of surrogacy to get more information about them in details.
Also, if you are interested to know about the cost of surrogacy, you can take a look at our previous article. Here, we are going to read about surrogacy process, the stages and the approximate time that each stage can take.
Initial assessments: 1-2 months
Surrogacy process begins with submitting an application to a surrogacy agency. Then they will be introduced to expert physicians for consultation to discuss the essential requirements and answer the potential questions in details. The staff of agency can also try to strengthen their relationship with the intended parents to provide the best services according to their needs. At this point, the surrogate may be evaluated physically and psychologically to make sure she is in a good place for starting the procedure.
Matching: 1-4 months
In this step, the agencies will give the profiles of the surrogates to the intended parents to be reviewed. After the intended parents choose their suitable surrogate, the profile of the future parents will be sent to the surrogate to be evaluated by her as well. If there is a match, the agency will set a meeting for both parties to know each other better in person with the presence of one of its agents to mediate the session or sessions (If the intended parents and the surrogate desires and accepts). The matching process can differ in each case. It can be done quickly or may take more time for the parties to find their perfect match.
Medical visits, screening and legal issues: 2-3 months
As soon as the both parties decide to go forward, the surrogate visits a related doctor to evaluate her physical condition and whether she is medically ready to carry the baby. Not only the surrogate undergoes the physical screening but also she will be evaluated psychologically to ensure she can go through surrogacy safely.
Moreover, the legal affairs should be done at this period. Both parties will have their own attorneys to make sure all their documents are prepared and their rights are suitably protected. They review the contracts with the help of their lawyers and after verifying the contracts they sign them.
The IVF or ICSI procedure: 2-3 months
At this point, it is the fertility clinic’s turn to start the actual process of pregnancy by the help of IVF or ICSI technique. This cycle usually takes more than a month. Meanwhile, the surrogate must take medications to prepare her body for the pregnancy.
After implanting the embryo in her uterus, it usually takes nearly 15 days for reaching the first results. You should keep this in mind that the period of conception is not something to be predicted precisely. It is rational to plan a couple of IVF treatment attempts before getting the result. If on the first attempt the surrogate does not get pregnant, they may repeat transferring the embryo once more.
Pregnancy: 7-8 months
After proving that the IVF or ICSI attempt was successful and pregnancy happened, it takes about 7 or 8 month for the surrogate to deliver. Here we talked about an outline of the pregnancy through surrogacy process.
It is important to know that the intended parents’ lawyer starts the process of pre-birth order during the weeks of 16 to 20 to give them the child’s legal parentage. Once the baby is born, they will take care of him/her immediately. The court process can usually take 4-12 months to be completed.
Finally, you should be aware that each pregnancy is unique and can have its own unpredicted issues. Some pregnancies can lead to miscarriage just like the other natural pregnancies. It is important for both parties to be prepared for unexpected issues and protect each other emotionally and physically till the end of the journey. Iran is one of the best medical destinations for surrogacy because of so many factors. If you are interested to know all about it and start your journey there read Surrogacy in Iran.
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