ICSI-ET cycle (complete cycle)

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

ICSI-ET cycle

Although in vitro fertilization is an infertility treatment that mainly involves procedures carried out on the female partner, it can be used to treat infertility in both sexes. Some men are not able to produce actively swimming sperm, or they may produce only very low numbers of sperm. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection can help in these cases, even if sperm retrieval is needed to remove sperm from inside the testes first.

ICSI-ET cycle (complete cycle)


What is intracytoplasmic sperm injection aka ICSI-ET cycle?

As the name suggests, intracytoplasmic sperm injection is a delicate procedure that involves the injection of a single sperm into the cytoplasm of the woman’s egg, bringing about fertilization. Several eggs are treated with sperm and allowed to develop in culture fluid in carefully controlled conditions. The embryos that develop after 2–3 days, or blastocysts that develop within 5–6 days are then transferred to the woman’s uterus as in a standard IVF cycle.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection can be very helpful in cases of male infertility due to severe sperm abnormality or when the male partner is disabled. It can also be useful for couples who are infertile because the man has had a vasectomy that cannot be reversed.

ICSI-ET cycle (complete cycle)

ICSI + Embryo Transfer cost in Iran

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Treatment Package

21-28 days
  • Treatment
  • Medical consultation
  • Post Treatment follow-up
  • Airport Pick up/Drop off

Who might need intracytoplasmic sperm injection?

Couples experiencing the following infertility issues may benefit from ICSI-ET cycle:

  • Low numbers of sperm produced or ejaculated: this can be due to retrograde ejaculation or a blockage in the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm out of the testes. A complete absence of sperm in the ejaculate can be overcome if there is sperm production inside the testes. Sperm retrieval methods are used to extract sperm surgically to allow intracytoplasmic sperm injection to take place.
  • Sperm that is abnormal and cannot swim well. Obtaining plenty of sperm in the normal ejaculate is straightforward and intracytoplasmic sperm injection can overcome the problems with getting these immobile sperms to meet up with the woman’s eggs.
  • A previous vasectomy cannot be reversed successfully.
  • Problems with antibodies against sperm: these can be produced by the male partner in the fluid of the ejaculate, or by the female partner in cervical secretions.
  • Testicular cancer: this can occur in younger men and treatment may mean that sperm production is affected. Sperm can be frozen before cancer treatment (which has a high success rate) and then the thawed sperm can be used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

How is sperm collected?

The most usual method is to use fresh ejaculate but this is not possible in all male partners contributing sperm for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Rarely, surgical removal of sperm from the testes is required; it is also possible to collect sperm from the urine if the man experiences retrograde ejaculation (the sperm travel backward into the bladder instead of forwards into the penis). Men who cannot ejaculate because of nerve injury may be able to do so with electro-ejaculation.

ICSI Intracytoplasmic sperm injection

IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection

Couples having ICSI-ET cycle or intracytoplasmic sperm injection go through a very similar procedure to those having in vitro fertilization. The woman is first given a course of hormone treatment to stimulate her ovaries to produce several eggs. These are monitored using ultrasound and once mature egg follicles have formed, the eggs are collected using a thin tube passed through the vagina. The eggs are then placed in special culture fluid in the laboratory.

Sperm is collected on the same day, a little before egg collection, and then a single sperm is injected into a single egg. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is repeated for all the eggs available and all are cultured to see if they develop into embryos. The best quality embryo at the 2–3-day stage, or the strongest blastocyst at the 5–6-day stage is then transferred into the woman’s uterus.

Different countries have different rules that state how many embryos can be transferred after IVF or ICSI; in the UK, it is likely to be 1–2 but other countries may allow more embryos, which means that the risk of multiple pregnancies is increased.

How successful is intracytoplasmic sperm injection?

The success rates for intracytoplasmic sperm injection are similar to those of IVF and vary with age and the stage at which the embryos are transferred. Blastocyst embryo transfer, at the 5–6-day stage, generally has higher success rates than embryo transfer at the 2–3-day stage.

Potential problems with intracytoplasmic sperm injection

The vast majority of children that are born as a result of intracytoplasmic sperm injection are healthy but there is a risk that if the father produces abnormal sperm, this may be due to a genetic trait that is passed on to the child. It may be possible to test for known genetic diseases using pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) but if there is no obvious genetic abnormality, there is no test.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection also carries the same risks as standard IVF, including a higher risk of multiple pregnancies, an increased risk of ovary hyperstimulation in the female partner, and a higher risk of implantation in the fallopian tubes, resulting in an ectopic pregnancy.

The history of ICSI in Iran has been shaped by the interaction between the pioneers of ICSI and an interdisciplinary group of experts, together with the endorsement and strong support of the Shia jurists.


Embryo transfer is a simple procedure that follows Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)  and in vitro fertilization (IVF) and is often considered the simplest and final step of the in the vitro fertilization process. The objective of embryo transfer is to facilitate conception following fertilization from the in vitro fertilization procedure.

When Does The Embryo Transfer Procedure Occur?

Embryos are generally transferred to the woman’s uterus at the 2-8 cell stage. Embryos may be transferred anytime between day 1 through day 6 after the retrieval of the egg, although it is usually between days 2-4. Some clinics are now allowing the embryo to reach blastocysts stage before transferring, which occurs around day 5.

IVM-ET cycle (complete cycle)

About TebMedTourism company

TebMedTourism Company is an International healthcare facilitator based in Tehran, Iran.

We start our professional activity in medical tourism industry regarding the profound capability of Iran in both healthcare & touristic fields.

We are ready with open arms to provide desirable services to our dear patients & guests from all over the world to enjoy world-class treatment quality and highly skilled doctors in Iran.

TebMedTourism company is cooperating with more than 40 internationally certified hospitals, 140 selected local hospitals, 300 specialized medical centers, 430 doctors, 112 hotels, domestic and international airlines in Tehran, Shiraz, Mashhad, Tabriz, Qom and other cities in Iran.

TebMedTourism team facilitates comprehensive medical & cosmetic packages in all medical & wellness & touristic fields aimed to achieve your desires.

TebMedTourism experienced team will make this procedure seamless and enjoyable from A to Z, so you will just focus on your recovery.

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2 thoughts on “ICSI-ET cycle (complete cycle)”

  1. Pingback: Testicular Sperm Extraction | TESE in Iran | TESE cost in Iran

  2. Pingback: surrogacy |Surrogacy cost in Iran|Alternative infertility treatments|Surrogate

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