The miracle of conception can now be simulated in a laboratory thanks to in vitro fertilization (IVF). Since the first successful fertilization treatment in 1978 caused the birth of approximately 10 million children to 2023, There are so curious, what is the IVF process, then?
Maybe you’ve started an IVF cycle to conceive a kid, or you’re just curious. Anyway, if you’d like to see what occurs within the human body during an IVF cycle, this post on TebMedTourism will help you.
The answers to all questions, such as
- What is the timeline for an IVF cycle?
- what is considered day 1 of IVF?
- IVF injections schedule
- IVF process step by step timeline, etc.
are in this comprehensive article of TebMedTourism.
The first and important question is, “What is an IVF cycle?”. Fortunately, the answer is clear and simple. The one round of IVF treatment is referred to as an IVF cycle. The cycle begins on the first day of your menstruation and concludes when you have a blood test for pregnancy.
Your fertility doctor may advise you to begin taking medicine or receiving injections before the first day of an IVF cycle, depending on your treatment plan.
When you begin your IVF journey via a professional agency such as TebMedTourism, the specialists will inform you in advance of the treatment strategy with comprehensive details.
What is the timeline for an IVF cycle?
IVF therapy is not a simple process to go through. It’s an emotional procedure with huge stakes. IVF patients tend to become angry and cry quickly; even a radio advertisement is enough to get them to cry.
In addition, an IVF cycle significantly raises blood estrogen levels. The emotional and irritated condition may be influenced by high estrogen levels in the blood. On the other hand, the process of the IVF cycle is so complicated that it compels the patients to know What exactly will they encounter on each day of their IVF cycle?
Therefore, it is so recommended to read this post to know what is in front of you each day of the IVF cycle!
Step1: Day 1 of your period is step one.
The first day of your period is the start of your IVF cycle, or in other sense, the start of the majority of IVF cycles coincides with the women’s period. Everybody’s body is unique, and your fertility doctor can teach you how to recognize Day 1.
Step2: Day 2 stimulating the ovaries is step two.
On day 2 or day 3, after the start of menstruation, an office appointment is scheduled for a baseline ultrasound examination and a blood test, often for follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol.
It is true that from Day 1, the stimulation phase of the IVF cycle starts, but you should consider this point Your ovaries typically generate one egg during a monthly natural cycle.
To stimulate the follicles in your ovaries, where the eggs grow, to generate more eggs during an IVF cycle, you’ll take the following medicines for eight to 14 days.
Injectable medication for IVF
The injection is a completely common form among medications of IVF, and depending on the IVF cycle, these injections might range from one to two each day.
The following hormones are most frequently seen in the injections:
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
- Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
Can I do IVF injections myself?
It is fully comprehending that, at first, the thought of injecting oneself may seem intimidating. Still, your fertility specialists and cooperators will walk you through the procedure step-by-step and demonstrate where and how to administer each injection.
Absolutely, it’s a fantastic idea to incorporate your partner or another support person as well. You can both observe and learn as a result of appointments.
Close eye on your ovaries in IVF center
With blood tests and ultrasounds, the fertility doctor and nursing team closely monitor the growth of the follicles in your ovaries during your cycle. Your medication will be changed if necessary.
Transvaginal ultrasounds are frequently performed with a probe inserted inside to see the ovaries and growing follicles to fine-tune your treatment throughout the stimulation phase.
A vital part of the procedure is the trigger injection. It prepares the eggs for ovulation, the natural process by which you release them. As the stimulation phase finishes, doctors will check on you more regularly to ensure the “trigger injection” is timed just right.
“Can I get pregnant with weak ovulation?” or “you don’t ovulate at all”! Don’t worry! There is a determining shot with a high success rate.
The recent trigger shot choice is called Lupron. Instead of the pregnancy hormone hCG (human chronic gonadotropin) that works similarly to luteinizing hormone (LH), such new trigger shots will be prescribed.
Trigger shots are administered once per IVF cycle before ovulation. They will be injected intramuscularly or subcutaneously. Self-administration is the most common method, and many women opt to administer the shot under the skin on the abdomen.
When exactly to administer the trigger injection will be specified by your fertility doctor. The timing is so crucial since egg retrieval must be done before you ovulate by your fertility doctor.
Step 3: Day 12 Egg retrieval – 36 hours after trigger shot
You will be requested to arrive at the office on the appointed day for the follicle aspiration about an hour before the scheduled time for the retrieval operation. After around two hours, you’ll return to your resort.
Egg retrieval procedure
The fertility specialist will remove the eggs from the intended mother’s ovaries during the egg retrieval, which is regarded as the egg “pick up” or (EPU) and this is a hospital day procedure.
The specialist will insert a needle into each ovary using the most recent ultrasound equipment. In this process, every millimeter is essential. Housing the eggs in the fluid-filled follicles is a delicate procedure, so the specialist should be very master in his/her work!
During this process, the patient will receive a general anesthetic and remain unconscious for about 20 to 30 minutes.
The fertility experts have extensively monitored the IVF cycle, so they should have a reasonable estimate of how many eggs to expect from this operation. Eight to fifteen eggs, on average, are harvested, although the patient’s age and medical history also play a vital role in this.
Step 4: on the Morning of day 12, Sperm Collection
The male will provide a sample the morning of the egg retrieval if you and your partner are going to use fresh sperm.
Sperm grade in IVF process
The samples will be prepared in the lab so that our scientists may examine them under sophisticated microscopes to identify the most viable sperm for combining with the eggs.
Assigning grades such as a, b, c, and d to sperms is a common way. A sperm is said to have normal morphology (shape/structure) if it is neither too fat nor too thin and neither too long nor too short in the tail. Experts spend many years honing their ability to recognize morphologically healthy sperm in order to choose the best sperm for each egg.
“What quality of sperm is needed for IVF?” All specialists choose the best! But practically, at least
10 x 10(6) spermatozoa/ml, of which at least 30% are motile and 15% exhibit progressive motility, will be used. 20% of the spermatozoa must have normal morphology as a minimum.
Step 5: Fertilization
The eggs that the fertility specialist has extracted from ovaries are given to the doctors.
In a laboratory dish, the egg and at least 50,000 swimming sperm are implanted during classical IVF. One of the sperm entering the cytoplasm of the egg results in fertilization. A single sperm is injected into the center of the egg during the ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection) procedure using a tiny needle known as a micropipette.
Step 6: Day 17 embryo development and embryo transfer
Ideally, 17 hours after the sperm and egg are combined, the egg will become fertilized and start the process of developing an embryo.
The developing embryo(s) will be cultured by our scientists in a specialized incubator where the growth and development circumstances are optimized to produce the best embryos.
By day five or six, an embryo should consist of about 100 cells (called the blastocyst stage).
All embryos are to be developed to the blastocyst stage.
The next stage, known as a “embryo transfer,” is to place the prepared embryo in the uterus of intended mother if it develops in the lab. This procedure only takes a few minutes.
A catheter is a tiny tube that a scientist will use to prepare the embryo before transferring it to the uterus. It is crucial that this procedure be carried out by a qualified medical practitioner in order to prevent disturbing the embryo. This stage is anesthesia-free.
IVF side effects | Enlarge ovaries
The majority of women in their IVF cycle experience a full, bloated and heavy feeling in the pelvic. During an IVF cycle, the ovaries enlarge considerably. The ovaries typically measure 1 inch or 2-3 cm in diameter and can grow to a maximum size of 10 cm, or 4-5 inches.
Each follicle with a dominant egg expands to a length of 1.5 to 2 cm. In the pelvis, the ovaries would measure 7 to 10 cm if there were 12 mature follicles.
Women undergoing IVF shouldn’t be surprised to feel bloated. The fit of your pants could seem uncomfortable but please relax all such side effects would be subsided.
A word of TebMedTourism
TebMedTourism fertility specialists are on hand in the sages that need injections to support and provide you through your IVF journey.
As you see, an IVF cycle is so complicated! Some people think that one IVF cycle is enough and will lead to a successful pregnancy, but on the opposite spectrum, it is so common that the first cycle does not work.
Please be hopeful but realistic! Depending on age, many patients experience a successful pregnancy after four or more cycles. Nonetheless, it is essential to be patient and calm without stress and trust your well-skilled and professional fertility doctors cooperating with TebMedTourism agency. Trusting us due to the high success rate of IVF in Iran ((cheapest country for IVF )) with affordable prices is so intelligent. So don’t hesitate and call our consultants.