Kidney Transplant Diet

What is the Kidney Transplant Patients’ Diet after the Surgery?

After each surgery, having a good nutrition is an important key for a successful recovery because after any surgery you need to consume enough protein and calory for your wounds so that they be healed more quickly. There is also a need for having a good nutrition in organ transplant patients because side effects of anti-rejection medicines can increase the nutrient requirements even more.

Kidney transplant or renal transplant is a surgery in which a malfunctioned kidney is replaced with a healthy donated one. But is the kidney transplant patients’ diet different from the common people’s diet? In this article, we are going to discuss about this subject in order to answer the questions of this group of patients.


Diet change after kidney transplant

Before having a kidney transplant, you may have some food limitations and a list of food that should be prevented. But after kidney transplant surgery, many of these food restrictions may not be needed and you may feel more freedom in choosing your food.

Due to taking medicines like prednisone, you may also have an increased appetite for eating various food which this issue can put you in danger of gaining excessive weight. That’s why gaining excessive weight is a common issue among renal transplant patients. So, we are going to offer a guideline for a healthy post-transplant diet.

Quick Information


from 13000$ to 14000$

Hospital Stay

7 to 10 days

Minimum Stay in Iran

3 to 4 weeks

Medicines Effects on Kidney Transplant Diet


Your diet can be affected by the anti-rejection medicines like steroids, cyclosporine, Tacrolimus, azathioprine, mycophenolate and Sirolimus. These medicines may have some side effects just like the other medications. Some of them can increase the appetite, cholesterol and triglycerides, blood pressure, blood sugar and potassium while some of these medicines can decrease magnesium and other minerals.

Therefore, you need to consult with your medical team to control these changes by arranging a suitable behavior in your diet and your daily routine.

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A Nutritional Plan to follow


It is better to have a nutrition expert beside you to develop a diet plan for you in order to control your gain weight. This plan should be organized based on your weight, medicines, kidney function and the result of your blood test. Below we describe a general guideline for your diet after kidney transplant. However, for getting a personal plan, you need to consult with your dietitian.

Kidney Transplant Patients’ Die

‘High-risk’ food to avoid

Because of suppressed immunity system in those who have a kidney transplant, food safety is very essential. It is recommended not to use spoiled, moldy food or those which have been expired. Also try to avoid the food in the list below:

  • Raw or undercooked meat, fish, chicken, shrimp, crab, etc.
  • Unpasteurized dairy products like milk, cheese or yogurt
  • Undercooked or uncooked eggs and any product that contains eggs
  • Grapefruit or pomegranate especially if you are taking prograf
  • Unwashed or damaged fruit or vegetables
  • Unpasteurized juices
  • Unhealthy food or those which you are not sure about its quality

Sprouts like alfalfa or bean sprouts

Phosphorous and Calcium

After the kidney transplant, you have to focus on your calcium and phosphorus levels, because if you have been struggling with kidney disease for a long time, then your body may not have enough calcium and phosphorus supplies. After transplanting kidney, your doctor will check your bones for a possible bone loss. You can discuss about the best ways to regain your bone mass that might have been lost during your kidney disease.

Every adult needs two servings of dairy products each day; however, your doctor may recommend you to use more calcium and phosphorous supplies and you may be prescribed to take supplements. Keep in mind to consult with your doctor first before taking any supplements because they could put your transplant organ in danger.


If the transplant works well, you can receive your normal potassium needs from your daily food. Although some transplant medications can noticeably increase or decrease your potassium level. You have to follow your dietician’s recommendations in order to control your blood potassium level. Bananas, oranges, tomatoes, potatoes, milk, and yogurt are among the food which are rich in potassium.

Sodium or salt

After a kidney transplant, many people experience high blood pressure or fluid retention. For this problem, your dietitian may recommend you low-salt food. Having a diet containing low-sodium food might probably need to be followed for the rest of the patient’s life.


For keeping a healthy weight and preventing heart disease or other health issues, a low-fat diet is always recommended. Getting less than 30% calories from fat is recommended by the American Heart Association; this means the use of nearly 65 grams of fat or less each day.


After going through kidney transplant, you need to use enough amount of protein because it builds and repairs muscles that have been lost and helps your wounds heal. Also, in order to overcome muscle breakdown after receiving high doses of steroids or other similar medicines, you need to add your protein supplies. Some food rich in protein are:

  • Meat, fish, chicken
  • Dairy products like milk, yoghurt, etc.
  • Eggs
  • Beans and peas
  • Nuts
  • Soy products


After a kidney transplant, you should have a moderate amount of carbohydrates because when you take steroid medication, having extra amount of carbohydrates can lead to increased blood sugar level and diabetes. Sugars and starches are the major sources of carbohydrates. Thus, for decreasing the side effects of steroid medicines, you should avoid concentrated carbohydrates.

Kidney Transplant in Iran

Kidney transplant is one of the professional surgical services in Iran which is famous for its unique and practical services discussing in our previous article “WHY IRAN IS THE BEST DESTINATION FOR KIDNEY TRANSPLANT?”

Despite all the advantages that kidney transplant has over dialysis, it cannot be performed in all the countries in a simple way. In some western countries like the United States, patients can only receive kidneys from a deceased person including those who had a stroke or passed away by brain death or euthanasia. Therefore, renal patients need to wait in line for a long time in order to receive a kidney that fits their blood type and their body tissues.

Fortunately, kidney transplant in Iran has a different situation and around 2500 kidney transplants are done every year. “Living Unrelated Renal Donation” (LURD) or the “The Iranian model of living renal transplantation” is a kidney transplant method that is totally safe and legal and has been performed since 1988. During this method, the patient will be connected to a live donor to get a healthy kidney by spending a reasonable waiting time.

If you would like to know more about this method and learn how the process of getting a kidney goes from the beginning till the end, you can contact us via our WhatsApp numbers +98-9120985010 or fill out online application forms in order to have a free consultation about doing a kidney transplant in Iran. We will free you from doing dialysis and waiting in the long-term lines hoping to receive your needed surgery. Your health is our mission!

Author: Leila Nazari

Publisher and SEO specialist: beheshteh hadizadeh

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You may like to read : kidney transplant in Iran For more information.

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