prostate cancer

Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer and Prostatectomy?

The prostate is a small gland in the male genital tract. It helps build semen (milky fluid that moves sperm from the testicles along the penis during erection). Also, the prostate surrounds part of the urethra, a tube that carries urine out of the bladder through the penis. Nowadays, prostate cancer has a high incidence among men over the age of 40 to 50. Like all other diseases, it is caused by signs and symptoms in the body. Recognizing these symptoms can help early diagnosis and prevent progressive prostate enlargement by medications, but in severe cases Prostatectomy is needed.

prostate cancer

This surgery is the removal of part or all of the prostate gland. Prostatectomy is primarily the treatment of prostate cancer and starting level of prostatic hyperplasia cancer in which the urethra shrinks to the point where it interferes with urination. Prostatectomy surgery should be performed before acute urinary retention and upper urinary tract injury or in cases of cancer before cancer progresses.

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Prostate cancer cause and its types

The underlying cause of prostate cancer is somewhat unclear. Medical research has only been able to point to cellular problems. Just like other types of cancer, prostate cancer also occurs when abnormal cells are produced in this genital tract. These mutant cells spread much faster than normal cells and occupy more space than the prostate. The growth of these cells can lead to a tumor in the prostate tissue; then the cells separate from the tumor and grow in other parts of the body. In general, the causes of prostate cancer are divided into several parts, including:

prostate cancer
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Over-consumption of some foods:

Milk and dairy products

Saturated fats in animal products

Red Meat

Kebab meat

There are different types of prostate cancer, each type is slightly different in how it develops. Often, the cancer gradually develops over time and does not pose a wide spread risk. On the other hand, some types of prostate cancer can also have very rapid and destructive spread.

Prostatectomy is needed in the following situations of Prostate cancer

Because of the position of the prostate in the body, prostate cancer is usually accompanied by specific symptoms following which Prostatectomy is needed. When the prostate grows due to cancer or other problem, the conduit becomes narrower and narrower in the prostate. As the tube narrows, it will not be difficult to get the urine out.

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prostate cancer

Postoperative nursing measures regarding Prostatectomy

After a prostatectomy, on the day of the operation, the patient will be helped to hang his legs beside the bed. The next day, the patient gets out of bed. If the patient has pain, the cause and location of the pain should be determined. Pain may be related to surgical incision after prostatectomy; it may be due to the bladder spasm. In the event of bladder spasms, the patient may feel an urge to urinate, pressure on the bladder, and bleeding from the urethra that is accompanied by blood flow through the urinary catheterization. Muscle relaxants can relieve bladder spasms, which can be intermittent and severe. Warm compresses on the pubis area and the bathroom can also reduce spasm.

prostate cancer
prostate cancer
tebmedtourism

TebMedTourism Company is an International healthcare facilitator based in Tehran, Iran.

We start our professional activity in medical tourism industry regarding the profound capability of Iran in both healthcare & touristic fields.

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