surrogacy in islam 2023

Surrogacy in Islam : Is surrogacy haram in islam?

Surrogacy in Islam is a complex and often controversial topic, and it raises a range of ethical, legal, and religious questions. In Islam religion, surrogacy is a particularly sensitive issue, as it raises concerns about lineage, parentage, and the broader implications for the family and society. While there is no single Islamic perspective on surrogacy, there are various opinions among Islamic scholars regarding its permissibility and the circumstances under which it may be considered acceptable. Surrogacy in Islam can be discussed in two different points of view: Sunni and Shia schools of thought. In order to examine the rulings of this process, candidates should refer to valid “fatwas” on surrogacy and the opinions of jurists.
In this article, we will explore the Islamic perspective on surrogacy, including its religious and ethical aspects, and the different opinions and interpretations of Islamic scholars on this topic.

Is Surrogacy Allowed in Islam?

Is Surrogacy Allowed in Islam?

The issue of surrogacy in Islam is a topic of debate and there are differing opinions on it among Islamic scholars and leaders, in both Sunni and Shia. It is important to note that there is no single authority in Islam that can make a definitive ruling on the permissibility of surrogacy. As a result, Islamic leaders and scholars have different opinions on the matter.
In Sunni Islam, the majority of scholars hold the view that surrogacy is not allowed, as it involves using a third party to conceive a child, which is seen as a violation of the natural order of procreation. Additionally, it may lead to issues of lineage and inheritance. However, there are some Sunni scholars who consider surrogacy permissible under certain conditions, such as if the surrogate mother is a close relative or if the husband’s sperm is used.
In Shia Islam, there is generally a positive view on surrogacy. According to some of the major Shia scholars, surrogacy is permissible because it does not include a sinful act and it is for the purpose of maintaining the family foundation.
There is no clear consensus among Islamic scholars on the acceptability of surrogacy in Islam, and opinions may vary depending on the specific circumstances and details of each case. In general, many Islamic leaders and scholars consider surrogacy to be halal or permissible if it is done within the boundaries of Islamic family law and with the intention of fulfilling the desire for children while protecting the rights and well-being of all parties involved.

Surrogacy in Islam Sunni

In Sunni, jurists are on two different sides; some of them accept surrogacy as a way of extending families and some others don’t have a positive attitude towards using the IVF method and surrogacy. They discuss getting an egg or sperm from a third party is similar to sharing the marriage bed with someone else and therefore they compare it to adultery because the surrogate is carrying the fertilized egg of someone who is not her legal husband and therefore it is considered illegitimate. Furthermore, they argue since the biological mother has a genetic part in creating the baby, there is a high potential for emotional and legal confrontation between the two “mothers”.
However, these two following conditions are permissible in Sunni as long as the couple is still married:
• Fertilization outside the body which was occurred by combining the husband’s sperm and the wife’s egg and then transferring it into the wife’s uterus (IVF + Embryo transfer).
• Fertilization inside the wife’s body by making the husband’s sperm be transferred into her uterus mechanically (IUI).
The conditions above mean that there is literally no surrogate mother! Both husband and wife have to be content about doing the process. The physician must be a female and it is better to be a Muslim if it is possible. Surrogacy in Hanafi and surrogacy in Shafei is acceptable by using modern reproductive techniques as long as the insemination is occurred by sperms of the husband and eggs of the wife. Here It should be mentioned that a few religious authorities allow surrogacy between co-wives.
As a result of all the discussions and attitudes towards surrogacy especially in Sunni, there are different attitudes towards surrogacy and you better talk with your trusted jurists about this process and ask their idea about it. After all, you are getting help from this method to have a stronger family relationship by having offspring.

Surrogacy in Islam Hanafi

In the Hanafi school of Islamic jurisprudence, surrogacy is generally considered to be permissible under certain conditions. Hanafi scholars allow for the use of surrogacy to help infertile couples conceive a child, as long as the surrogate mother is married and agrees to carry the child for the couple.
However, Hanafi scholars emphasize the importance of maintaining clear lineage and parentage in surrogacy arrangements. They require that the surrogate mother use her own egg, fertilized by the husband’s sperm, and that the child be legally considered the biological child of the couple, with all the rights and responsibilities that come with that status.
In addition, Hanafi scholars require that the surrogacy arrangement be carried out with full transparency and that all parties involved fully understand and agree to the terms of the arrangement. They also discourage the use of commercial surrogacy, in which the surrogate mother is paid for her services. Overall, there may be some variation in opinion among Hanafi scholars, but the general view is that surrogacy may be permissible in certain circumstances, as long as it is carried out in accordance with Islamic law and ethical considerations.

surrogacy in islam shia

Surrogacy in Islam Shia

In 1999, Ayatollah Khamane’i the Supreme Jurisprudent of the Shia in Iran ruled that under certain conditions surrogacy, egg, or embryo donations are all allowed. “Transfer of the fetus to the uterus of the woman is not forbidden in any case, but touching and looking at the haram should be avoided”, he declared.

His justification for allowing embryo donation is that the embryo is created from a married couple and is given to another married couple, and it does not involve direct sexual contact so it cannot be called adultery.
This remarkable difference in Shia and Sunni attitudes about surrogacy origins from a different conception of the adultery act. In the Shia conception, adultery is physical and sexual bodily contact not just transferring some cells.
Also in the Shia’s point of view, adultery destroys the family while donation (or surrogacy) protects it. Surrogacy is acceptable based upon the objectives of Sharia; which are to protect one’s dignity and honor, and also defend the preservation of the human species which is one of the primary goals of Sharia. The supporters of surrogacy in Islam consider it permissible by comparing it to ‘wet-nursing’. Just like a foster mother who breastfed and gives nutrition to the baby, in surrogacy the baby is nourished by the surrogate mother. Therefore, they consider surrogacy and wet-nursing similar.

Frequently asked questions about surrogacy in Islam

Is Surrogacy Haram in Islam?

As it was discussed above, the Islamic attitude toward involving a third party for reproduction is not united. Surrogacy from the point of view of a group of Sunni scholars is not an acceptable form of having children because they compare carrying the baby of a man who is not the mother’s legal husband to adultery and they do not approve this method. However, other Sunni scholars and almost all religious leaders in Shia approve surrogacy. They believe that surrogacy should not be compared to adultery since it is not a sexual act. They compare surrogacy to wet nursing where another woman only nourishes the baby and she was not involved with embryo formation.
Overall, the debates on the issue of surrogacy are extensively done by the Islamic foghaha since each can have their own reasons to judge the morality of this process. Nevertheless, we cannot ignore the fact that surrogacy is one of the best ways to help infertile couples have children and grow their families.

What Does the Quran Say about Surrogacy?

The Quran, the central religious text of Islam, was revealed in the 7th century, long before the development of modern medical procedures such as surrogacy. Therefore, it does not directly address the concept of surrogacy. However, it does provide principles and teachings related to parenthood, lineage, and the sanctity of marriage, which form the basis for Islamic jurisprudence when deliberating on modern issues such as surrogacy.
One key principle in Islam is the preservation of lineage, with the Quran clearly defining relationships within a family and their rights. Also, the Quran places a high value on the institution of marriage, and surrogacy, which traditionally involves a third party, can be seen to challenge this institution. This has led some scholars to have a more conservative view towards surrogacy.
On the other hand, some scholars, looking at the broader Islamic principle of bringing relief and making things easier for believers, and according to that they argue for a more compatible approach considering the use of surrogacy. This ongoing interpretation of Quranic principles in the context of surrogacy is reflective of the dynamic nature of Islamic jurisprudence as it responds to contemporary issues.

Is Surrogate Baby Halal or Haram?

The question of whether a surrogate baby is Halal (permissible) or Haram (forbidden) in Islam is a controversial subject, involving various aspects of faith, morality, and the dynamics of modern society. In Islam, family ties, marriage, and the bond between a mother and her child are important. These values are crucial when discussing surrogacy. Whether surrogacy is permissible in religion depends on how these values are interpreted and applied to the situation.
Islamic scholars and experts have different opinions on this issue. Some believe that surrogacy is acceptable as long as it does not violate the sanctity of marriage and maintains clear lineage. Others believe that surrogacy is not allowed as it goes against the natural way of creating a child and can cause confusion about lineage. It is important to consider these different views based on one’s own understanding, situation, and faith. There needs to be more discussion and understanding of this topic in the Muslim community to provide clearer and more inclusive guidance for those considering surrogacy.

What are the Conditions for Practicing Surrogacy in Islam?

While the Quran does not directly address surrogacy, many Islamic scholars and jurists have sought to provide guidance on the conditions under which it may be permissible in Islam, based on interpretations of Islamic principles. The consensus varies; however, some common themes have emerged in the discourse around this issue.
A primary condition often cited is the preservation of marital sanctity and lineage. Some scholars suggest that surrogacy may be permissible if the egg and sperm are from the legally wedded couple and the surrogate is merely acting as a carrier, thus ensuring clear lineage. Importantly, the intent behind the surrogacy process, the consent of all parties involved, and respect for the dignity of the surrogate are also considered paramount. This perspective underscores the importance of ethical conduct and noble intentions, key tenets of Islamic teachings.

Can Muslims be Surrogates?

Since the Islamic scholars have a different view on the subject of surrogacy, to fully answer the question “Can Muslims be surrogates?”, Encouraging open dialogue, scholarly discourse, and thorough education on surrogacy and its use within the Islamic community is vital. Such constructive dialogues can lead to a deeper understanding and clearer guidelines for Muslims considering surrogacy.
The topic of surrogacy in Islam is complex, influenced by a multitude of factors including religious beliefs, societal norms, and personal circumstances. The question of whether Muslims can be surrogates doesn’t have a one-size-fits-all answer, but is an evolving dialogue in the intersection of faith, ethics, and modern medicine.

Is Surrogacy Haram in Islam Shia?

Surrogacy is a complex issue in Islam, but the majority of Shia scholars consider surrogacy permissible. Ayatollah Khamenei, Ayatollah Sistani, Ayatollah Golpayegani, and Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi have issued fatwas (religious rulings) allowing surrogacy under certain conditions.
Ayatollah Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran, has stated that surrogacy is permissible if it is done with the couple’s own gametes (sperm and eggs) and with the intention of preserving the family and lineage. He has also emphasized the importance of transparency and honesty in the process, and that the surrogate mother should have the right to know the identity of the biological parents.
Similarly, Ayatollah Sistani has allowed surrogacy if it is done with the couple’s own gametes and with the intention of preserving the family and lineage. He has also stressed that the surrogate mother should be treated with kindness and respect, and that the child born through surrogacy should be considered the biological child of the couple and be given all the rights of a biological child.
It is recommended for those considering surrogacy to consult with a qualified religious authority and a medical professional to ensure that the process is done correctly and ethically .

The Bottom Line

To sum up, while having children is not a legal obligation for every couple, chasing the dream of conceiving children can be a personal right. Parenthood and surrogacy in Islam can be considered valid by following specific conditions and guidelines of Islamic law, jurisprudence, and Sunnah.
Surrogacy in Iran is not only legally supported, but also religiously approved. TebMedTourism as one of the most experienced surrogacy companies organizes all the medical and legal requirements of this process for prospective parents so that they be able to focus on the arrival of their baby with peace of mind.
Our professional medical team in TebMedTourism Co. is ready to guide you and answer your further questions about surrogacy. We will lead you the way till the end of the journey. Contact TebMedTourism Co. now free of charge all through the week.

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For achieving more information check here:
IVF in Islam
Gender selection in Islam
Sperm donation in Islam

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