Is surrogacy acceptable ethically?

The word surrogacy refers to a substitute or stand-in for another. But the meaning this article speaks about, is surrogacy as a medical procedure and we have many type of surrogacy . surrogacy is an arrangement between some people(two or three or more) for having a child. A woman agrees to carry and gives birth to a newborn who belong to intended parents under special circumstances depending on their agreements.

Embryos can be made both artificialy in clinics or by using the intended parent’s genetic material.From the beginning this new reproductive technology has come across with many debates legally, socially and ethically. as with many other Treatments, it has both advantages & disadvantages in surrogacy for infertility.

First legal surrogacy  agreement has set in 1976 in USA. Legal surrogacy is not that old.With progressing infertility treatments periodically, creative new ways come to medical space. Every way has its own pros and cons.People decide based on their financial, psychological and emotional state. One of these ways is surrogacy.

There are arguments that support and oppose surrogacy.

Some defend surrogacy as useful way for treatment of infertility and some were against with different reasons. Like any other infertility treatment, surrogacy has its own pros and cons.This topic mainly discusses in bioethics but not excluded in bioethics. Gender studies, politics, economic and sociology also participate.

Due to almost short history of surrogacy there is limited data and research that shows why women take part as surrogates but an obvious possibilty is economic gain. Although some other reasons such as the enjoyment of pregnancy can motivate as well.

Proponents and opponents

While proponents of surrogacy can be found in many different social groups, opponents are mostly devided in a few categories: Opponents with religious beliefs, some Feminists and left-leaning activists.

Ethics has not a stable state to define everything with a solid approach. It changes time by time, depending on society needs, technology and peolpe mindsets on a special topic. Surrogacy is not an exception.Why prevent Couples from reaching their desire to be parents? Isn‘t it immoral to prevent people from their natrual need?


Another argument comes from proponents is that untill the process is made by fully consent of all parties involved, there is no problem.Some opponents protest against using women’s body as commercial means. Applying laws or strict instructions following by rule can prevent that. They say it can be used as a job for low-income women. On the other hand, pros say preventing that is not that hard.

Both opponents and proponents share the same idea that a threatening danger is becoming a business running by companies.In a business based on selling children, both child’s and surrogate’s health might be in serious danger.

In a normal surrogacy process sometimes even intended parents communicate with the child in pregnancy. They take surrogate under consideration on different things, public health, nutrition status, being in a peaceful atmosphere and so on.  A baby-selling business is not acceptable in any sense.

Some countries such as Australia have solved this problem by a simple way: Only altruistic surrogacy is legal. Commercial surrogacy is illegal in all states in Australia.

In altruistic surrogacy surrogate doesn’t receive any money or economic benefit (as the name says!). But intended parents have to cover all surrogate’s expenses in relation to surrogacy, pregnancy and birth.

Ethical concerns

fortunately, or unfortunately religion and ethics still shares a close link. They have huge impacts on each other. Christian beliefs largely glorifying family and marriage institution show a slight disagree to these ways of developing family. Children born outside of marriage regardless of the circumstances may consider illegal.

From an ethics point of view, matters of importance are rights of parties involved. The rights of the child are almost never considered. The commercialism of surrogacy raises fears of a black market and baby selling.

Another concern is about the rights of surrogate. The surrogate herself typically is paid $20,000 to $25,000 in the U.S, which averages approximately $3.00 per hour. Bodily works usually come at an upper state of payment due to hardship and consequences. Commercial surrogacy most often lacks proper payment.

Ethical concerns about fundamental freedoms, autonomy and informed consent are shared across countries.

religious concerns

Negative factors come in both aspects of religious and ethical. Overall there is an arguement against infertility treatment most believed by very religios people. They believe it comes against God’s will and Interfers in nature.

Besides that surrogacy looks like have a big issue with procreative aspects of marriage. Because It disputes the traditional way of having children through marriage. As well as traditional family structure made by a man, woman and their biological child.

In a conservative structure opposition goes as far as it that says surrogacy offends the right of the child to be brought into the world by the same parents who are going to take care and rear the child. Here the issue of children’s rights is raised.Alternatives such as adoption may not be satisfying for genetic continuity.

Surrogacy and prostituion

What’s more, stubborn opponents have interpreted surrogacy as a form of prostitution due to similarities.

In both a woman’s body turns into the means of earning. In both a human act turns into a product and be sold. With the difference that surrogacy relates to birth, one of the most sacred things in religious mindset!

As an answer to these claims sometimes “the right to have children” has to refer and use as a justification for surrogacy and other vitro reproductive ways and technologies.

A crucial part of this topic related to surrogate. She must not accept to that by obligation or under pressure. Pregnancy is a hard period even for whom getting pregnant normally. She should choose this voluntarily and not endangers her health.

Surrogacy process Step-by-step

Surrogacy, ethical or unethical ?

Proponents believe that In an era respecting freedom and human wisdom this decision is only concerned parents-to-be and the surrogate. Other forms of intervention is not acceptable. Specifically goverment intervention breaking privacy and freedom of choice.

It also provokes gender-related and inequality concerns. From a special point of view reproducting gender-based labour is not acceptable in modern societies.But on the other hand comes the argument that glorifies being parents, whether biologically whether not.


As a conclusion it can be said that surrogacy is a difficult issue beset with many ethical, social, and legal issues. But surrogacy with considerations is ethical or at least not immoral.World goes in a way that more and more accepts and respects personal freedoms, people’s choices in many different levels. For instance, form a family or choices for social life.

In such a world, a couple’s choice to have a baby by surrogacy for any reason (either biologically infertility or disease prohibiting pregnancy or personal reasons) is not immoral.The main part of parenting starts just after birth! In 21st century force people to be biological parents or put aside parenting does not make sense.

why surrogacy in Iran?

Iran is known as one of the countries which is the pioneer of Infertility Treatments and surrogacy in Iran is best just because you save both time and money.

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